Here you can find examples of just some of the wildlife that can be found in Derbyshire.
Badger (Meles meles)
Badgers are elusive, nocturnal animals who can be found across Derbyshire.
Due to suffering many years of persecution, these medium-sized mammals are now fully protected by the legislation, the Protection of Badgers Act 1992.
Pictured: Badger cub
Foxes (Vulpes vulpes)
The fox is a common sight in both rural areas and urban areas of Derbyshire.
Foxes can sometimes be viewed as pests, therefore they can be legally controlled by certain methods.
However the introduction of Hunting Act in 2004, means that it is illegal to use dogs to kill any wild mammal.
Pictured: Urban fox
Species of deer in Derbyshire include the Red Deer (Cervus elaphus), Fallow Deer (Dama dama) and the Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus).
Under the Deer Act, 1991, it is an offence to enter land without the owners permission to deliberately kill, injure or take deer or to kill a deer at night.
There are also certain times of the year, called closed seasons, when deer cannot be killed.
Pictured: Fallow Deer
There are many different species of bat that can be found across the county, including the common Pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) and the Brown Long Eared bat (Plecotus auritus).
Bat roosts, which are protected by law, can be found in the roof space of houses. Before planning permission is granted an ecological survey must be carried out. If bats are found you are likely to need a licence before work can begin.
Pictured: Pipistrelle bat
Birds of Prey
Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus)
Due to illegal persecution, Hen Harrier populations have now reached critical levels. In 2013, no young Hen Harriers fledged in England. However, in 2014, three pairs bred successfully.
Due to successful collaborative working from a range of organisations, including Derbyshire Constabulary, one of these pairs bred in the Peak District.
Hen Harriers are protected under schedule 1 of the Wildlife and Countryside act 1981, which means it is offence to deliberately kill, injure or
take one of these animals. Deliberately damaging
or destroying a nest or stealing eggs or chicks is
also an offence.
Pictured: Hen Harrier
Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)
Just like other birds of prey, Peregrine Falcons have been subjected to persecution and are therefore protected by law.
However populations are recovering, with many pairs breeding successfully in Derbyshire in 2014.
Pictured: Close up shot of a Peregrine Falcon
Grass snake (Natrix natrix)
These animals can grow up to one metre in length and are protected by law in the UK. Therefore it is an offence to deliberately kill or injure a grass snake.
Pictured: Grass snake prior to moult
Common toads (Bufo Bufo), frogs (Rana Rana) and the rare great crested newt (Triturus Cristatus), which is protected by law, can be found across the county.
Picture credit: NPAS Ripley