Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements, or MAPPA, are the means by which agencies in Derbyshire work together to best protect communities from the serious harm that some offenders may still present after being convicted of a crime.
Established in England and Wales in 2001, the arrangements allow different organisations to share information about sexual, violent and other dangerous offenders, assessing and managing their risk of re-offending.
Derbyshire Constabulary, the national probation service and HM Prison Service (East Midlands Area) work together to monitor offenders through MAPPA. They are collectively known as the responsible authority.
A number of other agencies have a 'duty to co-operate' with the Responsible Authorities through the arrangements, including:
- Derby City and Derbyshire County Youth Offending Services
- Derby City and Derbyshire County Children's and Adult Social Care Services
- Derbyshire County Mental Health Trust and other health providers
- Derby City and the Derbyshire District Authorities Housing Services and other registered social housing providers
- Jobcentre Plus (Department for Work and Pensions)
- Electronic Monitoring providers
- Home Office Immigration Enforcement
The identification of MAPPA offenders
Agencies work together to ensure early identification of those offenders that are eligible for MAPPA. Three categories of offenders have been defined:
- Registered sexual offenders. These offenders have been convicted of a sexual offence or given a caution for one. They are required to notify the police of their name, address and personal details and tell the police when any of these details change. Registration periods are fixed by law and can last from 12 months to life depending on the offender's age at the time of the offence, the age of the victim and the nature of the crime.
- Violent offenders. These offenders have been sentenced to imprisonment or detention for 12 months or more, or have been detained under a hospital order, for murder or one of a range of other serious offences.
- Other dangerous offenders. These are offenders who do not qualify under categories one or two but there is an identified link between their offending and likely harm to the public.
How are offenders managed?
There are three levels of management which are based on how many partners need to work together to monitor the offender.
- Ordinary management. Offenders managed at this level will be assessed as presenting a risk of harm to others. That can be managed by one agency or through normal information sharing between agencies that calls for a co-ordinated approach.
- Active multi-agency management. Offenders are assessed as high or very high risk of harm.
- Enhanced multi-agency management. Appropriate for those offenders who pose the higest risk of causing serious harm. The risk they present, or the complexity of the case, requires them to be managed through close cooperation at a senior level.
A Strategic Management Board (SMB) oversees the work of each area MAPPA. The board is made up of senior representatives from all the duty to cooperate agencies and is supported by two lay advisers who provide an independent viewpoint.
The board reviews how effectively the systems are working through regular audits, disseminates good practice and sets objectives for the year ahead in an annual business plan.
A MAPPA report, which details performance, statistics, future developments and local MAPPA contacts, is published annually.
The work of MAPPA operates according to national guidance and national standards.
Gina was subjected to a serious sexual assault and the offender was arrested and charged.
As well as physical harm, Gina experienced continuing emotional and mental distress as a result of the offence.
Through a Probation Service Victim Liaison Officer, Gina was put in contact with an independent sector support organisation, who arranged for her to be offered counselling.
Gina was kept informed of the stages of sentence and consulted about conditions she would want to see included in a release licence.
Planning for the offenders' eventual release takes place through MAPP meetings, but the offender will only be released once the parole board has decided that this should happen.
As well as having to notify his details to the police for the rest of his life, the offender will then be supervised on licence by the Probation Service for no less than 10 years, with conditions that prohibit contact with Gina or going into the area where she lives. If these or other conditions to safeguard the public were to be breached, he would be returned to prison.
Download the report
Download the latest 2016-17 report from the Derbyshire MAPPA group, showing the latest figures and facts regarding MAPPA and the management provisions for protecting communities. This can be found in the Related Documents section of this page.
The Child Sex Offender Disclosure Scheme
Whilst there is no automatic right to information about sexual or violent offenders, the Child Sex Offender Disclosure Scheme allows anyone to request information from the police about a person involved in a child’s life if they have concerns that he or she may be a child sexual offender.
Although anyone – including a neighbour, friend or relative – can register a concern, information will only be given to a person who is in a position to use this to safeguard a child or children. Usually this will be the child’s parent, carer or guardian.
Disclosures under the scheme complement those already made through MAPPA.
For more information on this scheme, read the Child Sex Offender Disclosure Scheme document.
Links to useful websites